One of our goals is to provide links to some of the many open and online resources that are related to the teaching and study of music. These are not exhaustive, but may provide starting points for research or reading. They are not meant to stand alone and, in some cases, require significant introduction and contextualization in the classroom.

Items labeled “Teaching” and some others (like “Virtual Fieldwork”) are primarily intended for instructors. Others are resources that people have used as assigned reading/watching/listening in their undergraduate classrooms.

Please note that these items do not go through the same review process as World Music Textbook contributions. If you would like to add any resources, suggest a bibliography, have any concerns about a resource, would like to edit or add to a resource description, or find a broken link, please email the editors.

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AMS Pedagogy Study Group, "Teaching music history" (2021)

From the AMS email list: Our website has a resources page that includes links to digital collections, sample syllabi and assignments, and other teaching materials. In the coming weeks we’ll be adding new materials to the website, so circle back early and often.


Abelton, "Learning Synths" (2021)

This module from Abelton covers the construction of synthesized sound through text and interactives. The Playground (linked here) allows the user to create their own sounds through experimentation.

Interactive Musical Instruments

Indiana University Ethnomusicology, "SoundLore podcast" (2021)

From the site: SoundLore's episodes venture into the research, practices, and projects of folklore and ethnomusicology. Our podcast guests include current and emeritus faculty, students, and alumni from the department, extending the conversation beyond the classroom.

Ethnomusicology Public Musicology

Nigerian Baptist Theological Seminary and the Baylor University Center for Christian Music Studies, "Nigerian Christian Songs: A Digital Interactive Songbook" (2021)

Prepared by doctoral students at the Nigerian Baptist Theological Seminary (Ogbomoso, Nigeria) and Baylor University (Waco, TX), this digital resource focuses on Nigerian church music. The site includes a rich variety of material collected from their own hybrid ethnographic research, including Zoom interviews, surveys, and various digitized primary source documents, largely from Nigerian doctoral students.

Collaboration Ethnomusicology Indigeneity Public Musicology Sustainability Africa

Paula Maust, "Expanding the music theory canon" (2021)

From the AMS email list: A collection of music theory examples by women and BIPoC composers. Examples are geared to the undergraduate core sequence. Each example contains a PDF of an excerpt for classroom use, a link to a public domain full score, a recording (when available), and a detailed composer biography.

Musicology Race Teaching

Philip Ewell, "Erasing colorasure in American music theory, and confronting demons from our past" (2021)

From the website introduction (lightly edited): Dr. Philip Ewell posted a series of daily tweets during Black History Month (February 2021) providing information on some under-researched Black composers and musicians under the rubric "Colorased." These tweets contain names and basic information about each neglected figure. We wanted to preserve and share these tweets along with some text framing his project, here on RILM’s blog.

Activism Historical Ethnomusicology Race Teaching

Smithsonian, "Smithsonian Open Access" (2021)

An open online repository of audio/visual (mostly 2D and 3D visual) materials from the Smithsonian collection.


Smithsonian Folkways and Maya Cunningham, "A Black History Month Sound Collage" (2021)

This is a set of annotated playlists from Maya Cunningham and Smithsonian Folkways that foregrounds music, poetry, and spoken word over three time periods.

Jazz Politics Popular Music Race Sound Africa North America

The Association for Cultural Equity, "The Lomax Digital Archive" (2021)

From the website introduction: The Lomax Digital Archive provides free access to audio/visual collections compiled across seven decades by folklorist Alan Lomax (1915–2002) and his father John A. Lomax (1867–1948).

Historical Ethnomusicology Teaching Global North America

zlliu, "Pitchgarden" (2021)

An online ear training tool focused on identifying relative pitch relationships.

Interactive Musical Terms

Daniel Barolsky and Louis Epstein, Open Access Musicology, Volume 1 (2020), Lever Press

This open volume is the first release from Open Access Musicology and features chapters aimed at an undergraduate readership.

Historical Ethnomusicology Musicology Teaching

David Li, Google Arts & Culture, "Blob Opera" (2020)

From the website: Create your own opera inspired song with Blob Opera - no music skills required ! A machine learning experiment by David Li in collaboration with Google Arts & Culture

Interactive Musical Terms

Deborah Lupton, editor, "Doing fieldwork in a pandemic" (2020)

Teaching Virtual Fieldwork

Google Doodle, "Celebrating Mbira" (2020)

Try your own hand at this instrument that has been played for over 1,000 years, while experiencing a story as told through the lens of a Zimbabwean girl who learns to play the mbira. This post generated some discussion in social media, including this post with some context on its creation and this one that discusses power and race in ethnomusicology. Since these are social media posts, they may not be available to all users.

Interactive Musical Instruments Africa

Imaginary: Open Mathematics, "Pentatonic Scales" (2020)

Move through the “Space of Pentatonic Scales” and create your own impressionistic style music by playing pieces by classical composers with only five notes.

Interactive Musical Terms

Imaginary: Open Mathematics, "Scale Lab" (2020)

Scale Lab allows you to explore, measure, create and modify both individual sounds and musical scales. This exhibit covers the fundamentals of sound, perception of consonance and dissonance and the creation of scales from single tones.

Interactive Musical Terms

Imaginary: Open Mathematics, "Pink Trombone" (2020)

Pink trombone is a model of the human vocal tract that synthesizes human voice from scratch, controllable with your fingers.

Interactive Musical Terms

Jennifer Fraser, "What might decolonial futures sound like?: Exploring ethnomusicology's colonialist legacies and moving beyond them" (2020)

From the website introduction: We tell some of this story [of 'artifacts' and collections] and present entries on colonialist legacies and strategies to move us towards sounding decolonial futures. We tell the stories of some of the individuals connected to the social history of these transcriptions, along with stories of others doing remarkably similar work in the collection of ethnological material of Indigenous practices in the late 19th and early 20th century.

Activism Collaboration Ethnomusicology Historical Ethnomusicology Race

Liz Przbylski, Hybrid Ethnography: Online, Offline, and in Between (2020), Sage Publishing

Teaching Virtual Fieldwork

Michelle Stefano, "On Remote Fieldwork and 'Shifting Gears'," (2020), Folklife Today

Teaching Virtual Fieldwork

Sami Abu Shumays, "Maqam Lessons" (2020)

A YouTube playlist of short lessons developed by Sami Abu Shumays that introduces different Arab maqamat, their structures and melodic development, and emphasizes ear training.

Interactive Musical Terms Middle East

Wayne Marshall, "American Clave/Ragtime Country" (2020)

An accompaniment to an article that appeared in the Journal of Popular Music Studies that provides examples of rhythmic tropes across American popular music genres

Musical Terms Popular Music North America

Jennifer Kyker, "Sekuru's Stories" (2019)

A digital humanities project focusing on southern African musical instruments and traditions

Musical Instruments Africa

Matt Daniels, "Are Men Singing Higher in Pop Music?," (2019), The Pudding

This interactive article uses graphs to describe contour and style in popular music

Media Musical Terms Popular Music

Robin Attas and Margaret E. Walker, Intersections Vol. 39, No. 1 (2019), MusCan

This special issue focuses on decolonizing musicology, building sustainable relationships and communities, and essentialism in music teaching.

Activism Musicology Sustainability Teaching

The Pudding Team, "Who is the Biggest Pop Star?," (2019), The Pudding

A data based article that problematizes a simple understanding of what constitutes 'popular' in 'popular music'

Media Popular Music

Monique M. Ingalls, Singing the Congregation: How Contemporary Worship Music Forms Evangelical Community (2018), Oxford University Press

This work uses hybrid methodologies to research Evangelical worship practices and includes a chapter titled "Worship on Screen" that explores online content as an "extension of congregations into the virtual realm."

Virtual Fieldwork

Richard M. Breaux, "Midwest Mahjar: The Recorded Sounds of the Greater Syrian Diaspora in the United States at 78 RPM" (2018)

A blog maintained by Ethnic Studies scholar Richard Breaux focused on the stories of individuals and sound recordings within Arab American history.

Immigration Public Musicology Race Sound Middle East North America

Shankar Vedantam, "The Edge Effect" (2018)

A podcast about the Silk Road Ensemble and cross-cultural collaborations. (I use it in conversation with analysis of the production of the Graceland album drawing on Meintjes’ work)

Collaboration Global

Abelton, "Learning Music" (2017)

An in-browser interactive series of lessons on rhythm, pitch, and similar concepts that includes a playground. Built by the makers of Abelton Live.

Interactive Musical Instruments Musical Terms

Google Doodle, "44th Anniversary of the Birth of Hip Hop" (2017)

Interactive turntables on which users can mix samples from legendary tracks, and a serving of Hip Hop history - with an emphasis on its founding pioneers.

Interactive Musical Instruments Popular Music

Kiri Miller, Playable Bodies: Dance Games and Intimate Media (2017), Oxford University Press

Dance Virtual Fieldwork

Larissa Hjorth et. al. (editors), The Routledge Companion to Digital Ethnography (2017), Routledge

Teaching Virtual Fieldwork

Matt Daniels, "Crowdsourcing the Definition of "Punk"," (2017), The Pudding

This article uses the example of punk to show how "genres exist entirely in our heads"

Media Musical Terms Popular Music

NYU Music Experience Design Lab, "GroovePizza" (2017)

From the website introduction: Groove Pizza is a circular rhythm app for creative music making and learning! It’s also a playful tool for creating grooves using math concepts like shapes, angles and patterns. More information at

Interactive Musical Instruments

Rhiannon Giddens, "Rhiannon Giddens' Keynote Address at IBMA Conference: Community and Connection" (2017)

The prominent singer, songwriter, and banjo player Rhiannon Giddens shares the relationship between race, the banjo, the music industry, and old time and bluegrass music

Historical Ethnomusicology Musical Instruments Race African Diaspora North America

The Association for Cultural Equity, "The Global Jukebox" (2017)

From the site: The Global Jukebox explores connections between families of expressive style. One can travel the world of song, dance and language through the Wheel Chart and the Map. Thousands of examples of the world’s music, dance and other expressive behavior are available here.

Interactive Global

Ethan Hein, "Visualizing hip-hop melodies" (2016)

Using visualizations to show pitch, this article demonstrates the relationship between melody and rhythm as well as the importance of each in style

Musical Terms Popular Music African Diaspora

Google Doodle, "Clara Rockmore’s 105th Birthday" (2016)

An interactive theremin celebrating Clara Rockmore, "the instrument's most well-known performer".

Interactive Musical Instruments

J. Y. Chua, "Eurovision and the Making of Queer (Counter-)Cultural Diplomacy," (2016), The Yale Review of International Studies

From the introduction: While Eurovision has facilitated the enfranchisement of queers in the project of cultural diplomacy, nations have simultaneously exploited the queerness of Eurovision for their public diplomacy agendas. As such, this paper aims to address the strategic and ethical dilemmas raised by queer diplomacy.

Media Politics Popular Music Europe

Joel Eastwood and Erik Hinton, "How does ‘Hamilton,’ the non stop, hip-hop Broadway sensation tap rap's master rhymes to blur musical lines?," (2016), The Wall Street Journal

A data visualization tool highlights internal rhythmic structures and patterns in the texts of Lin Manuel Miranda's Hamilton and other influential hip hop pieces.

Interactive Musical Terms Popular Music North America

Radio Garden, "Radio Garden" (2016)

An interactive website to listen to live, streaming radio stations from across the world.

Interactive Media Global

Sarah Pink et al. (editors), Digital Ethnography: Principles and Practice (2016), Sage Publishing

Teaching Virtual Fieldwork

Jasmine Garsd, "Cumbia: The Musical Backbone of Latin America" (2015)

Podcast about cumbia music that describes the history of cumbia and how it developed into a pan-Latin musical style.

Popular Music Latin America

The Society for Ethnomusicology, "Music and Social Justice Resources Project" (2015)

A curated listing of online and offline resources related to music and social justice, protest, refugee issues, sustainability, and similar topics

Activism Immigration Politics Public Musicology Race Sustainability Teaching Global

David G. Hebert and Jonathan McCollum, "Methodologies for Historical Ethnomusicology in the Twenty-First Century," (2014), in Theory and Method in Historical Ethnomusicology, edited by Jonathan McCollum and David G. Hebert

Historical Ethnomusicology Teaching Virtual Fieldwork

Mark Grimshaw (editor), The Oxford Handbook of Virtuality (2014), Oxford University Press

Four chapters on the topic of sound and sonic perspectives on virtual worlds include work by Karen Collins, Tom A. Garner and Mark Grimshaw, Trevor S. Harvey, and Martin Knakkergaard.

Sound Teaching Virtual Fieldwork

Tristan Ahtone, "Radio on the Reservation" (2014)

Article exploring the continuing significance of radio stations on reservations in the United States.

Indigeneity Media Native America

Wendy F. Hsu, "Digital Ethnography Toward Augmented Empiricism: A New Methodological Framework," (2014), Journal of Digital Humanities

Teaching Virtual Fieldwork

SEM{STUDENTNEWS}, Student Concerns Committee, "Special issue on digital ethnomusicology" (2013)

Teaching Virtual Fieldwork

Stephen Smith, "‘Song Catcher: Frances Densmore of Red Wing’ and ‘Artist Charles Biederman’" (2013)

A podcast in which the first twenty minutes are dedicated to exploring the life and work of Frances Densmore.

Ethnomusicology Indigeneity Native America

Tom Boellstorff et al., Ethnography and Virtual Worlds: A Handbook of Method (2013), Princeton Univeristy Press

Teaching Virtual Fieldwork

Nati Cano, "The Sounds of Mariachi: Lessons in Mariachi Performance (DVD)" (2010)

This Smithsonian Folkways DVD includes lessons about mariachi music from Natividad "Nati" Cano, former director of Mariachi Los Camperos de Nati Cano. The website includes a sample video "Chapter 3: Play bolero style."

Dance Musical Instruments Popular Music Latin America

AMAR, "Foundation for Arab Music Archiving and Research" (2009)

From the site: AMAR is a Lebanese foundation committed to the preservation and dissemination of traditional Arab music. AMAR owns 7,000 records, principally from the 'Nahda' era (1903 – 1930s), as well as around 6,000 hours of recordings on reel. The website includes a blog and podcast that are useful resources.

Popular Music Public Musicology Race Sound Middle East

Abigail Wood, "E-Fieldwork: A Paradigm for the 21st century?," (2008), in The New (Ethno)musicologies, edited by Henry Stobart (pages 170-187)

Teaching Virtual Fieldwork

NPR Music, "Tito Puente: ‘El Rey’" (2008)

A 54-minute podcast about the life and influence of percussionist Tito Puente.

Jazz Latin America

Timothy J. Cooley and others, "Virtual Fieldwork: Three Case Studies," (2008), in Shadows in the Field. New Perspectives for Fieldwork in Ethnomusicology, edited by Gregory F. Barz and Timothy J. Cooley (pages 90-107)

Teaching Virtual Fieldwork

First Archivist Circle, "Protocols for Native American Archival Materials" (2007)

From the website introduction (edited): The Protocols build upon numerous professional ethical codes; a number of significant international declarations recognizing Indigenous rights, including several now issued by the United Nations; and the ground-breaking Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Protocols for Libraries, Archives, and Information Services. The proposed standards and goals articulated in Protocols for Native American Archival Materials are meant to inspire and to foster mutual respect and reciprocity.

Sustainability Teaching Native America North America

NPR and PRI, "Afropop Worldwide (Podcasts)" (1988)

A series of podcasts dedicated to African music both in Africa and across the diaspora.

Popular Music Africa African Diaspora Latin America